The concept of ‘Rahmani Qaida’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘Rahmani’ that means ‘Merciful’ referring to Allah’s attribute. The word ‘Qaida’ translates to foundation, and in this context, so that way the foundational book used to learn Quranic recitation.
The holy Quran being the sacred book of Islam, holds immense importance for Muslims worldwide. The art of Quranic memorization, known as “Hifz,” is a cherished practice, representing a spiritual journey of devotion and connection with Allah. To ensure accurate recitation and understanding of the Quran, two foundational components play a pivotal role – Nazrah and Qaida. In this article, we delve into the significance of Nazrah and Qaida in Quran memorization and recitation, elucidating how these fundamental practices contribute to a strong foundation for aspiring memorizers.
Nazrah, also known as “Tajweed Nazrah” or “Tajweed for Beginners,” marks the initial stage in learning to recite the Quran correctly. “nazara,” meaning “to look” or “to glance,” Nazrah involves visually observing the written Arabic script and pronouncing it accurately. Key elements of Nazrah include learning the Arabic alphabet, recognizing different letters’ shapes, and understanding the pronunciation of each letter with its specific rules of Tajweed (rules of Quranic recitation).
Nazrah commences with the learner’s mastery of the Arabic alphabet, comprising 28 letters. Understanding the unique features and pronunciation of each letter is crucial to avoid errors in Quranic recitation.
Tajweed provides a set of rules that govern Quranic pronunciation, ensuring proper articulation of letters, elongation of sounds, and other specificities. A strong grasp of Tajweed at the Nazrah stage paves the way for fluent and melodious Quranic recitation.
Alongside recognizing letters and Tajweed rules, Nazrah introduces beginners to Quranic words, enhancing their understanding of basic vocabulary.
Qaida serves as a stepping stone for Quranic memorization, focusing on fundamental aspects such as word formation, sentence construction, and basic grammar. The Qaida stage aims to prepare students for Quran memorization by providing a structured framework for easy retention and recitation.
Qaida guides learners in breaking down verses into individual words, allowing them to comprehend the meaning of each word and its context within the verse.
The Qaida stage introduces memorization techniques like repetition, visualization, and listening, which enhance the student’s ability to retain Quranic verses effectively.
As students progress through the Qaida, they gradually experience a deepening connection with the Quran, nurturing a profound spiritual bond with its verses.